The plague disease is transmitted by contact-household method when the skins of infected rodents (or camel carcasses) are removed and processed. The food method also has a place to be - for example, you can get sick with the plague when you eat foods that are infected with plague bacteria. Infection with plague by airborne droplets occurs through contact with a sick person with the pneumonic form of plague. The bacterium penetrates through a wound on the human skin, mucous membranes.
Redness or a sore may form at the site of the pathogen. Through the lymphatic vessels, the bacillus infects the nearest lymph node, which quickly enlarges and becomes inflamed, and there it begins to multiply. The entry of a microorganism into the general bloodstream leads to its spread throughout the body, which provides severe intoxication.
For 3 centuries, the plague killed millions of people, destroyed entire cities. Only after many years, scientists have identified the causes of the development of the plague epidemic and ways to treat it. The source of the disease is carried by rats, and the population, trying to escape from the scourge, closed themselves in their homes. Such actions only aggravated the situation, because the life of that time was not equipped with the necessary sanitary and hygienic means.
Rats were the usual inhabitants of every dwelling, because the fight against them was unsuccessful. In an enclosed space, harmful bacteria spread faster. After the start of the pandemic, doctors of that time began to come up with a variety of protective equipment to ensure personal safety. A form of clothing consisting of a long black cloak, leather trousers, and a mask with a beak was considered popular and effective. In the Middle Ages, doctors could not offer any effective methods of treatment during the bubonic plague.
FirstFirst, this was due to practically not developing medicine, since religion occupied the main place, and science was not supported. Secondly, most doctors were simply afraid to contact the infected, so as not to die themselves. Nevertheless, attempts at treatment were made, although they did not give any results. For example, buboes were opened and burned. Since the plague was considered as a poisoning of the whole organism, there were attempts to use antidotes. Frogs and lizards were applied to the affected areas. Of course, such methods could not help.
Cities were enslaved by panic. An interesting example of how the disease was somewhat controlled is the administrative measures taken in Venice. A special sanitary commission was organized there. All ships that sailed were subjected to a special inspection and, if corpses or infected were found, they were burned. Goods and travelers were quarantined for 40 days. The corpses of the dead were immediately collected and buried in a separate lagoon at a depth of at least 1.5 meters.
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